Before you begin any exterior project that involves climbing up to the roof be sure to let someone know you are doing it. You don’t necessarily need an assistant but it’s always a good idea to have someone around who can rush to your aid if you should slip and fall. Also do a quick survey of the roof to make sure no power lines are in your way or areas of the roof that are wet and may cause a slippery surface. Use a sturdy ladder that can be locked in place and don’t ever stand on the top step to try and reach beyond your means. Repositioning a ladder can be tiresome but it’s better than falling.
To do an effective gutter cleaning you’ll need a good scoop or garden shovel, a garden hose with a spray nozzle and a good pair of work gloves. Some gutter debris will be easy to remove but some clogs can be wedged in tight and you’ll need to work at it with the scoop to dislodge twigs, pine needles and wet leaves. It’s a good idea to wear a long sleeve shirt since the debris can get pretty mucky if the gutters are wet. Safety glasses are also recommended since you don’t want to have dirt spray in your eyes when unclogging a gutter.
Work your way down a gutter channel in an orderly fashion. Scoop out any leaves and debris and when you’ve cleared enough give the channel a good spray with the hose to remove any excess leaves. If when you’re done cleaning the gutters you notice some small cracks you can try using repair caulk to plug the leaks. If however if your cleaning reveals more serious damage such as holes and warped section you will want to contact a professional gutter service company since your gutters may be in need of repairs or replacement.